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Cօmposer Krzysztof Penderecki passed away - Armenian National Music (anmmedia.am)
Cօmposer Krzysztof Penderecki passed away

Published: Mar 29 2020, 09:18

Author: ANM Media
Renowned Polish composer and conductor of Armenian descent Krzysztof Penderecki passed away. 

Born in Dębica on 23 November 1933. His grandmother was an Armenian. Penderecki used to go to the Armenian Church in Kraków with her. Penderecki studied music at Jagiellonian University and the Academy of Music in Kraków. After graduating from the Academy of Music, Penderecki became a teacher at the academy and he began his career as a composer in 1959 during the Warsaw Autumn festival. His Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima for string orchestra and the choral work St. Luke Passion, have received popular acclaim. His first opera, The Devils of Loudun, was not immediately successful. Beginning in the mid-1970s, Penderecki's composing style changed, with his first violin concerto focusing on the semitone and the tritone. His choral work Polish Requiem was written in the 1980s, with Penderecki expanding it in 1993 and 2005.

Penderecki had many prestigious awards, including the Commander's Cross in 1964, the Prix Italia in 1967 and 1968, the Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta in 1964, four Grammy Awards in 1987, 1998 (twice), and 2017, Wolf Prize in Arts in 1987 and the University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition in 1992,  1st Degree Order for Services to the Homeland in 2013 (Armenia).